This post is the last in a series looking at the reading section of Paper 2 for AQA’s GCSE English Language paper, specification 8700. You can find guidance on revising for question 1, question 2 and question 3, or for Paper 1 here.
Question 4 is the question with the highest marks on Paper 2. It allows you to build up to it and as it is worth 16 marks out of the 80 available on the paper, it is a question that needs a bit of practice and development.
Let’s look at the question first.
So as we go through the question, you can see that some things stay the same and that some things change. The first thing that stays the same is the guidance about what to explore:
For this question, you need to refer to the whole of Source A, together with the whole of Source B.
That’s just a reminder of what the focus of the question is: your ability to write about both extracts and compare key aspects of it. As you may remember, the focus of paper 1 is exploring how writers create texts, and the focus on Paper 2 is how writers express viewpoints and perspectives.
As we move on to the second part of the question, it tells us to compare how the two writers convey their …
At this point you could be asked about perspectives or attitudes – how they see things and how they feel about things. You’re being asked to look at their point of view and the way they share what they think about the topic that binds the two extracts together.
Now let’s look at the markscheme and pick out what you’re being assessed on.
Like question 4 on Paper 2, you are assessed on four things here. That often means that there will be one or two things that you’ll forget, as you’ll be concentrating so hard on doing the others.
As I wrote on the previous post about question 3, we’re going to discuss levels here, not grades. The 16 marks are split into 4 levels. I can’t tell you what grade you’re working at because grades are for the whole paper and your mark out of 160 across the two papers, not how you do on a particular question. So I can’t say ‘this is a Grade 9 answer’ because such a thing doesn’t really exist. I can say ‘this is a 13 mark answer’ though and I can say that, very very roughly as a massive generalisation, the grades might be split like this:
Level 1 (1-4 marks) = Grade 1 to somewhere in Grade 3
Level 2 (5-8 marks) = Somewhere in Grade 3 to Grade 4/5
Level 3 (9-12 marks) = Grade 5 to somewhere in Grade 7
Level 4 (13-16 marks) = Somewhere in Grade 7 to Grade 9
So you can adjust yourself accordingly. If you’re aiming to get Grade 7, you should be aiming to get to the top of Level 3 or into Level 4 on all aspects of the paper. Were you to do that across the whole paper then you’d be hitting Grade 7 kind of territory. At the end of the day, though, it depends on a set of really, really complex mathematics and assessment of standards, so those grade boundaries change for every paper – and even every year group that take it.
Cautionary waffle over.
Let’s look at those four strands a little more carefully:
The first is about comparing the ideas and perspectives.
The second is about writers’ methods
The third is about references
The fourth is about identifying the ideas.
For each of those four strands, there is an increasing difficulty or complexity as you’d expect. It’s not that L1 students DO different THINGS than L4 students: they do things DIFFERENTLY.
Let’s take each strand in turn, starting with the main one: comparison.
Level 1 responses will be making simple cross references. That means you’re making simple links between the two texts. At Level 2, responses are attempting to compare. Level 3 responses have a clear and relevant comparison and Level 4 responses have a perceptive and detailed comparison.
That works with the next strand about references.
Level 1 responses will be have simple references or detail. At Level 2, responses have some appropriate detail. Level 3 responses have revelant detail and Level 4 responses have a range of judicious supporting detail.
You can see this continue in the strand about writers’ methods:
Level 1 responses will be make simple identification of methods. At Level 2, responses have some comment on methods. Level 3 responses have clear explanation of methods and Level 4 responses have analysis of how the methods are used.
Finally that works in the strand about ideas and perspectives:
Level 1 responses will be make simple awareness of ideas and perspectives. At Level 2, responses identify some ideas and perspectives. Level 3 responses have a clear understanding of ideas and perspectives and Level 4 responses have a detailed understanding of ideas and perspectives.
So I’ve got a loose framework to support me:
Ideas and perspectives – detail – methods – comparison
One thing to be especially focused on though, and absolutely not to forget, are the writers’ methods.
My loose framework turns into a more clear structure:
- Identify an idea or viewpoint in Source 1
- Use a quote to support my point
- Mention the method and say what the quote means
- Explain the method and effect
- Link to point in Source 2
- Use a quote to support my point
- Mention the method and say what the quote means
- Explain the method and the effect
Method, by the way, simply means anything the writer is doing. It doesn’t mean to drag out your asyndetic listing again. It’s really such a lovely, vague term that you shouldn’t need to go feature spotting. Don’t feature spot – it will severely hamper your response.
So where do you start?
Start by your identification of quotes from both texts. Do your broad brushstrokes underlining, by going through both texts and underlining or highlighting literally anything that is a viewpoint or perspective, attitude or feeling, or suggests one. Don’t be stingy. Underline everything that’s useful, even if you end up with 75% of the text underlined.
When you’ve done this for both texts, you can then narrow down.
For a 16 mark question, you’re looking to write about 16-20 minutes, which gives you time to write about 3 good paragraphs. That means you’re looking for 3 pairs of linked quotes across the two texts. So I look at my two texts and I then narrow down on things that match. And then I might even narrow down one more time if I have too much to go off.
First is my long list of quotes from Source A, then Source B, then I’ll narrow down.
- the longest and shortest year of my life
- it’s felt as if my son has always been part of this family
- I simply mean that I haven’t slept for a year and I don’t really know how time works any more.
- It’s honestly quite hard to grasp.
- With every tiny development – every new step he takes, every new tooth and sound and reaction that comes along to ambush us – we’re confronted with a slightly different child.
- He’s leaving milestone after milestone in his wake and tiny parts of me along with them.
- He’ll never again be the tiny baby who…
- But I’ve had a year of this and it’s ok.
- He’s never going to stop changing, and I don’t want him to.
- This sadness, this constant sense of loss… is an important part of this process
- the silly old fools who tell him how much he’s grown.
- You just have to make the most of what you have.
Then I do the same with Source B
- But my eyes are aching for the sight of cut paper upon the floor
- I want to see crumbs on the carpet,
- But my ears are aching for the pattering of little feet
- I want responsibilities
- My little boy is lost, and my big boy will soon be.
- I wish he were still a little boy in a long white night gown
- If I only had my little boy again, how patient I would be!
- I wonder if they know they are living their very best days; that now is the time to really enjoy their children!
- I think if I had been more to my little boy I might now be more to my grown up one.
As I read and outline all the things that could possibly be an attitude or viewpoint, I’m starting to get a feel for the big ideas.
For instance, in Source A, he feels that “it’s okay” that his son is changing, whereas Source B seems filled with a sense of profound sadness and loss.
In Source B, she mentions fretting and scolding, and things she found annoying, whereas in Source A, he just seems amazed by his child, if a little bewildered. Source B, however, finds the grown boy in front of her to be bewildering.
I’m aiming for three differences for my plan though, so I need to look closer. Both have a sense of regret (though this isn’t unlike my first paragraph) but Source A seems to be “ok’ with the future. I think I can develop that idea into two paragraphs. Also though when I look back at my quotes, Source A says that he feels like his son has always been a part of the family, whereas Source B seems to see her son as a stranger.
So let’s narrow down. I need three pairs of quotes (and supporting bits that will go with it.
Feelings about child growing up:
- They’re part of the family, “it’s felt as if my son has always been part of this family” vs “He calls me mother, but I am rather unwilling to own him.” as if he is a stranger to her. He feels his son is part of the family even though he jokes about it, whereas she feels as if he is a stranger.
- “It’s ok” vs regret. “He’s leaving milestone after milestone in his wake and tiny parts of me along with them.” and “he’ll never again be the baby who…” but ” it’s ok.” vs “But my eyes/ears are aching” My little boy is lost, and my big boy will soon be.”
- Child is incomprehensible ” irrationally terrified of my dad. “for reasons I don’t think I’ll ever work out.” He doesn’t understand his child as the child grows, vs ” How much I would bear, and how little I would fret and scold!” but her regrets and wishes come from the fact her son is older and she can’t change what she’s done, whereas for Source A, the writer has yet to really see his child grow up and regret (or not) the role he played in that.
So then it comes to the writing. Can you see how a good plan, some narrowing down and some re-reading really helps me get to the bottom of those viewpoints? Time thinking and planning is never time wasted.
Just a final reminder… this is a question about methods!
I’m going to add some methods to my plan.
- They’re part of the family, “it’s felt as if my son has always been part of this family” vs “He calls me mother, but I am rather unwilling to own him.” as if he is a stranger to her. He feels his son is part of the family even though he jokes about it, whereas she feels as if he is a stranger. Explaining feelings. 1st person narrative viewpoint.
- “It’s ok” vs regret. “He’s leaving milestone after milestone in his wake and tiny parts of me along with them.” and “he’ll never again be the baby who…” but ” it’s ok.” vs “But my eyes/ears are aching” My little boy is lost, and my big boy will soon be.” Metaphor and contrast. Making the abstract imaginable. Helping reader understand and empathise with emotions.
- Child is incomprehensible ” irrationally terrified of my dad. “for reasons I don’t think I’ll ever work out.” He doesn’t understand his child as the child grows, vs ” How much I would bear, and how little I would fret and scold!” but her regrets and wishes come from the fact her son is older and she can’t change what she’s done, whereas for Source A, the writer has yet to really see his child grow up and regret (or not) the role he played in that. Some conditionals. Source A isn’t conditional. Some future tense.
That’s better! Saved me from falling into the big Question 4 trap!
Once I’ve done that, I’m ready to write. 16 marks should be about 20 minutes, so I’ve time to write 3 longer paragraphs using the formula outlined above.
This is the final post for the essentials for AQA GCSE English Language 8700 Paper 1 and Paper 2. You can find all the links by clicking – and there’s plenty there to keep you busy. Good luck in your exams!